The general directorate of Public Health and Addictions, dependent on the Ministry of Health, reminds that the treatment of scabies requires limiting the prolonged contact of patients with the skin of healthy people to avoid infection.
Health recommends, therefore, extreme precautions in the Murcia II Penitentiary Center, located in Campos del Río, so that the outbreak detected in its facilities can be eradicated in the shortest time possible.
The Ministry is providing collaboration with this prison since, at the beginning of September, those responsible for this center reported an outbreak of the disease in its facilities.
The aid consists of the activation of the regulatory protocols in this type of outbreaks, as well as instructions and recommendations to the sanitary managers of the center, since the sanitary competences of the prisons depend on the Ministry of the Interior.
The Ministry provides all the collaboration within the scope of its jurisdiction and monitors the case until the eradication of this episode.
Direct and prolonged contact
Scabies is usually spread by direct and prolonged skin-to-skin contact with an affected person.
Scabies is easily transmitted to sexual partners and family members or cohabitants, through towels or bedding used by an infected person.
Transmission can be easier when cases of crusted scabies (Norwegian scabies) occur, more frequent in immunosuppressed people.
This condition of the skin is caused by the parasite 'Sarcoptes scabiei', also known as 'mange of mange', which lives and reproduces in tunnels that dig into the skin.
The symptoms are of nocturnal predominance of itching in areas of skin folds such as between the fingers, buttocks, groin, armpits, elbows and on knees. It tends to be considered to be exclusive of lack of hygiene, although it is not true: the most contagious factor. important is direct contact with patients or their clothes.
For this reason it can affect institutions where many people reside.
The treatment consists of the application of a permethrin cream and should be done by all patients and contacts on the same day, in addition to adopting hygiene guidelines for bed and clothes.
'Esporti Family' is a mobile application that prevents and combats childhood obesity, considered an important health problem in the 21st century.
In a play environment, and with the family as the nucleus to achieve a lifestyle change in a joint and lasting way, children learn concepts of nutrition and physical activity that will help them in the face of obesity, and health professionals have of a tool that motivates families.
The application has a part of training, through an interactive pyramid of questions and answers with a nutrition section by 'Esporti Chef', in which to discover how to eat healthier.
The question set generates points that can be redeemed for healthy rewards.
'Esporti Family' has a section to manually record the weight and hours of sleep and another automatic record of physical activity r with the integration of a wristband that records all the activity of the child without requiring synchronization by the user.
Finally, there is also a panel where you can find videos, news and healthy resources in the family environment, such as outdoor activities organized by town halls, associations and other entities.
Initiatives against obesity
The Ministry of Health aims to reduce the prevalence and incidence of overweight-obesity in the child and adolescent population and among the interventions being carried out highlights the program of Care for the first 1000 days of life of the Region of Murcia 2018 -2021 for the support of breastfeeding and with them decrease the rates of obesity.
The SMS has also implemented new systems of nutritional control in the electronic clinical record of Primary Care, in order to prevent overweight and in the case of diagnosis to perform an early intervention, detecting population at risk.
On the other hand, it has been implemented together with Activa Families to provide families with the fundamental principles of practicing physical exercise and healthy eating and achieving healthy habits in children and parents.
Not only children with overweight-obesity but also sedentary children are included.
Likewise, the School of Health is working on healthy lifestyles with a section dedicated to physical exercise and sports and another feeding and the PROGESPI research project on primary prevention of obesity is being carried out.